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- Values in Language Assessment.
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Language assessment can be understood from many different viewpoints. The conventional perspective focuses on the individual candidate—determining the level of skill and knowledge in each individual taking the test.
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Get access to the full version of this article. View access options below. You previously purchased this article through ReadCube. Institutional Login. Log in to Wiley Online Library. Purchase Instant Access. Furthermore, it could feed into anti-immigration sentiments and intolerance towards foreigners. Language policy in general refers to deliberate efforts to influence the behaviour of others, with respect to the acquisition, structure, or functional allocation of their language codes Cooper, , p Social inclusion does not seek the same outcomes for citizens.
A balance should be achieved between the purpose of the policy and coercive measures, to reduce the tension that comes with such civic integration policies. We should not forget that integration is a lifelong process; so are language and culture learning. Bauman, R. Voices of Modernity.
‘Mutations in Citizenship’ event (Abstracts)
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bourhis, R. International Journal of Psychology , 32, 6, Council of Europe Report on a survey. From multiculturalism to post-multiculturalism. Journal of Sociology.
Joppke, C. Beyond national models: Civic integration policies for immigrants in Western Europe. Lambert, R.
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Language policy and pedagogy: Essays in honor of A. Ronald Walton. Milani, T. Language testing and citizenship; A language ideological debate in Sweden. Language in Society RNW archive January Government makes immigration test harder. Smolicz, J.
English language test results we accept | Immigration New Zealand
Community languages, core values and cultural maintenance: the Australian experience with special reference to Greek Latvian and Polish groups. Clyne, ed. Spotti, M. ICT-based applications for civic integration in The Netherlands.